Coywolf | Fun Facts, Diet, Habitat and Life Span

Coywolf is a term used to represent a species that is a cross between a coyote and a wolf. These animals are also sometimes referred to as eastern coyotes and coyote wolves. The coywolf is a relatively recent addition to the animal kingdom, having emerged as a distinct species within the last century. 

The origin of coywolves can be traced back to the early 20th century when coyotes began moving eastward and encountering wolf populations. The two species interbreed, producing hybrid offspring that were able to thrive in the changing landscape of eastern North Africa.

What is a coywolf?

To understand the complete process of how a coyote and wolf reproduce to make a coywolf, you should understand the genetic combination that has been occurring between these species. 

A new DNA study shows that all eastern coyotes are a mixture of coyotes, dogs, and wolves. Different species are intermixed into the hybrid, typically called the coywolf—the percentage changes depending on the test and the dog’s area. 

The coyote wolf mix and genetics:

Today’s hybrids are clever. According to genetic research, these hybrids are 8-25% wolves, 60-84% coyotes, and 8-11% dogs. This is different from south to east.

Southern coyotes have a mixture of wolf and dog genes; on the other hand, Virginia coyotes have dog genes rather than wolf genes. Some tests have shown that eastern coyotes do not have wolf genes.

When they are only a mixture of coyotes and dogs, they are known as “coydogs.” The coydog is a new crossbreeding typically mistaken due to human reproduction. 

Why do coyotes reproduce with wolves and dogs?

The eastern coyote has never been marked breeding with dogs or wolves. The coyote, wolf, and dog are three species that do not desire to produce, though they are biologically near interbreeding.

Their DNA indicates coyotes bred with wolves about one hundred years back and with dogs about 50 years ago.

A century back, wolf inhabitants in the Great Lakes were so common that some females couldn’t discover a wolf mate and had to agree with a coyote.

Eastern coyotes can now effortlessly find a coyote mate intensely easily. Its population persists in thriving in its latest woodland home and prefers destroying dogs over breeding with them. The wolf is now the coyote’s deadliest opponent, not its last-chance mate.

The coywolf-dog:

Species hybridization is a naturalistic evolutionary procedure. Most perish, a settlement between two long-established species well-adapted to their habitats. However, new types may exceed prior ones in today’s fast-changing atmosphere.

For example, the coyote with wolf genes is more appropriate for controlling the excess deer in the eastern woodlands. Their offspring evolved the eastern coyote after spreading eastward. It’s opaque that dog and wolf genes have stayed a natural choice in today’s eastern coyote.

Are coywolves dangerous?

Like coyotes and wolves, coywolves are typically shy and elusive and tend to avoid humans. However, like wild animals, they can be unexpected and potentially harmful if provoked or cornered. Coywolves have been known to attack pets and livestock, and there have been rare cases of coyote invasions on humans, although such incidents are infrequent.

It is generally best to keep a safe distance from coywolves and avoid feeding or approaching them. If you live in an area with coywolves, it is also a good idea to secure your trash and avoid leaving pet food outside, as this can attract them to your property.


The conclusion about coywolves is that they are a mixed species that resulted from the interbreeding of coyotes and wolves. They are generally found in North America and show physical and behavioral traits from both parent species.

Studies have illustrated that coywolves are more adjustable than their parent species and can thrive in urban and suburban environments. They have also been found to significantly impact local ecosystems, particularly in areas where they have replaced coyotes.

Despite their success as a hybrid species, scientists and conservationists do not universally accept coywolves. Some consider them a danger to biodiversity and worry they may guide the extinction of purebred coyotes or wolves. Others argue they are a natural and evolving part of the ecosystem and should be protected.