Sri Lankan Leopard |Interesting Guide, Amazing Fun Facts

Have you ever heard about the Sri Lankan leopard? Let us know about them in detail in this article.


Sri Lankan leopards, also called Panthera pardus kotiya, are one of nine important subspecies of a giant cat that looks a lot like a tiger, lion, and jaguar. The Leopard is the most sneaky and smart of all the big carnivores. It can kill prey that is much bigger than it is and is the fastest climber among the biggest cats. The cat we now call a cheetah, which is thought to be a leopard that hunts, was once called a leopard. Originally, it was thought to be a cross between a lion and a parrot.

The leopard used to live in eastern and southern Asia and Africa, including the Indian subcontinent, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and China. It came from Siberia and lived in South Africa. Unfortunately, because of hunting, poaching, and the destruction of their homes, the population has dropped by a lot.

Sri Lankan Leopard Size:

There are many different sizes and shapes of leopards. The average size is 50 to 90 kilograms (110 to 200 pounds), 210 centimeters (84 inches) long (minus the 90-centimeter tail), and 60 to 70 centimeters (24 to 28 inches) tall at the shoulders. In contrast, leopards can grow enormously.

What does the Sri Lankan Leopard look like?

Compared to Indian leopards, this Sri Lankan leopard seems to be tawny and rusty yellow with a few dark spots and small rosettes. Female leopards weigh about 64 pounds (29 kg) and are 3 feet long from head to tail. Their tails are 2 feet long. Male Sri Lankan leopards weigh about 56 kg on average.

People often say that the Sri Lankan leopard has evolved into a relatively large (big cat) leopard subspecies because it hunts by ambush and doesn’t have to compete with other large wild cat subspecies in the country. People used to say that a big man weighed about 220 lb (100 kg), but there is no proof of this. Sri Lankan leopards live 12 to 15 years in the wild, but they can live up to 22 years in a zoo.

How many Sri Lankan Leopards are left?

Leopards in Sri Lanka are in danger because people kill them for food and because they are considered a pest. In 2020, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources listed it as a threatened species.

It is thought that only 1,000 leopards remain in the wilds of Sri Lanka. Also, the subspecies found in Sri Lanka seem to be endemic, which means it only lives there.

The leopard population is thought to have a little more than 800 adults, with 646 living in protected areas and 163 living in areas without protection.

Where to see Leopards in Sri Lanka?

The Sri Lankan leopard used to live in eastern Asia, southern Asia, and Africa. There were scattered populations in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Indian subcontinent, Malaysia, and a few parts of China. This species’ numbers have dropped a lot because of hunting, poaching, and the destruction of their habitat. They are now critically endangered.

What do Sri Lankan Leopards eat?

Its diet is practical, like that of other cats. It includes small mammals, birds, and reptiles, as well as larger animals. Most of the Sri Lankan axial deer’s food comes from the dry zone. The animal also eats sambar, wild boar, monkeys, and barking deer.

Sri Lanka Wildlife:

Sri Lanka is a beautiful country with lots of islands, rivers, and forests on land. Elephants, lions, and leopards inhabit Sri Lanka. A variety of birds and sea creatures can also be found here. Animals, birds, and beautiful sea life abound in Sri Lanka. Blue whales can also be seen there.

Who is the more giant Jaguar or Sri Lankan Leopard?

Leopards are smaller and thinner than jaguars. Jaguars can weigh up to 250 pounds, while leopards only weigh 175 pounds. Both cats are good swimmers, but “jaguars love water and eat caiman and anacondas,” which are also predatory animals that need a lot of force to bring down.


The leopards in Sri Lanka are the most endangered species, and their numbers keep going down. The species of Sri Lankan leopards are threatened due to overhunting and habitat loss. In addition to these threats, these leopards are highly adjustable and can reside near human territories.

Keeping these beautiful animals safe is essential. Like all other big cats, leopards are important to the beauty and health of forests. It eats like other cats, which makes sense. Small mammals, birds, and reptiles live there, along with bigger animals.