Belgian Canary| Care Guide And Species Profile

Belgian Canary| Care Guide And Species Profile

Belgian canary is a well-known and significant canary that helped produce some of today’s most beautiful canary types. Bred for its body pose, the Belgian can’t crouch on its nest. They are ideal for those who desire to show them, but they can be shy, scared, and hard to breed.

Here is everything you need to know about Belgian canary. Keep reading this article.

Scientific name and classification:

The Serinus canaria domestica is the scientific name of a Belgian canary that relates to the Passeriformes order, which contains half of all bird types most typically known as “perching birds.”

The Belgian canary’s Fringillidae family contains the true finches who ingest nuts and seeds and do not relocate. 


Scientific Name                  Serinus canaria domestica

Genus                                  Serinus

Family                                  Fringillidae

Order                                    Passeriformes

Class                                    Aves

Phylum                                 Chordata

Kingdom                              Animalia

Where to find the Belgian Canary?

The Belgian canary came from Europe, such as Belgium, Netherlands, and France. The Flemish designed this species from the Old Dutch canary, which has been utilized to produce other breeds. This was loved and highly favored in the United States, Belgium, and Britain from the 18th to the center of the 19th century. Now, these canaries can be bought from any pet store.

Appearance and size:

The Belgian canary is a breed of skinny birds mostly grown for their type, body, and back bulge. They have an intermediate length of around six inches, but their wingspan and weight are unknown. They have short heads, thin necks, wide shoulders, and almost triangular-shaped bodies. 

When Belgian canaries sit on a stick, their tails and backs are set at a right angle to the nest.” Belgian canaries have soft green, yellow, white, or buff-colored quills that lay neatly. These birds are friendly and social and make perfect pets. They can show hesitance and aggression towards other birds. Males will also combat one another when put in the same enclosure. 


Forests, woodlands, coastlines, dunes, orchards, coastlines, and forest edges are the typical ecosystems that Belgian canaries inhabit.

Diverse populations live everywhere, from ocean level to about 5,000 ft. They adapt to human relations and usually live in parks, playgrounds, and backyards. This breed is common within its range.

What Does the Belgian Canary Eat?

Belgian canaries are omnivores and mainly eat seeds. The canaries eat different seeds, including grass, hulled oats, Venetian redrape, white millet, perilla, and flaxseed. Wild canaries will also eat berries, fruit, vegetation, and insects. They want open areas to eat and like to feed in grasses, trees, shrubs, or the floor. If you own a caged canary, guarantee they have sufficient space to enjoy their dinners.

Behaviour of the Belgian Canary


In captivity, Belgian canaries breed with support from humans. They can reproduce quickly under suitable conditions but are high-strung and are not appropriate feeders or free breeders. Canary breeding season starts in the spring, and canaries must be one year old to breed. 

Females can lay three to six eggs, and males come to them by bringing meals. Females incubate for 13 or 14 days; both parents help feed their chicks. The immature birds exit the nest at about three weeks of age and become self-dependent at six weeks. Now, the female can lay eggs to produce more brood.

Behaviour of the Belgian Canary:

All canaries, wild or domestic, are active during the daytime. They pass their time feeding, generally in small packs known as herds or in teams. Some forage on the earth for fallen grains, while others feed in shrubs or trees.

Canaries do not depart larger herds during breeding season, unlike some other songbirds. Instead, these birds nest near each other in small colonies, but each couple has its small colony around its nest.

Belgian canary and human interaction:

Humans and Atlantic canaries interconnect frequently. These small finches dart about in backyards and gardens in search of meals. Humans affect other canary breeds differently, but Atlantic canaries have beneficial populations and flourish in human-modified habitats.

These birds can adjust in urban areas and by using terrace bird feeders. The IUCN records this breed as Least Concern and their inhabitants as stable.

Does the Belgian Canary Make a Good Pet?

Yes, Canaries are good pets, but it’s important to mention that they are not cuddly creatures. This makes them suitable for people with little time to dedicate much attention and love to other pets. However, you must always provide a clean environment, fresh meals, and ample water.

Housing and cage requirements:

Optimal Cage Setup

The Belgian Canaries prosper in big cages that permit natural activity. Horizontal lines enable climbing, and the inclusion of nests and toys provides cognitive stimulation. Nesting sites are necessary for breeding couples.

Temperature and Lighting

Preserving a suitable temperature ranging from 65-75°F (18-24°C) is essential. Sufficient lighting, as well as exposure to natural light, keeps their well-being and helps them handle their biological rhythms.

Interesting facts about the Belgian Canary:

Interesting facts about the Belgian Canary

Canaries are common pets, primarily because of their lovely song. Canaries are unique because of these features.

  • The Canary in the Coal Mine –When a problem arises, people usually refer to it as “the canary in the coal mine.” Before modern trials, coal mines utilised canaries to alert miners when harmful gasses escaped. When the canaries exhibited signs of pain or disease, the miners were aware to evacuate.
  • Canary Yellow – The word “canary yellow” originates from the brilliant yellow colour of some household varieties. Humans reproduce domestic canaries for their brilliant colour and lovely song.
  • American Singer Canary – In particular, people reproduce some types of household canaries, mainly because of their voices. Over multiple generations, breeders picked the most suitable singers to breed. 


In conclusion, the Belgian Canary delights not only with its beautiful songs but also with its dynamic personality and different characteristics. Belgian canaries are social and friendly birds that make ideal pets. However, they can be scared and fierce around other bird breeds.

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