Caspian Tiger | Extinction And Surprising Facts

Do you know the largest subspecies of a tiger with powerful legs, huge paws, and particularly large claws? That tiger is Caspian Tiger. There is more information about them in this article. So keep reading this article.

The Caspian Tiger Origin, Physic, and its Extinction:

The Caspian Tiger is an uncommon subspecies of Panthera tigris. It inhabits eastern Turkey, Mesopotamia, Tehran, the Caucasus close to the Caspian Sea, central Asia as far north as northern Afghanistan, and western China. These tigers once inhabited this region before the 1970s. They inhabited areas near rivers and light woodlands. It was determined in 2003 that Caspian tigers were extinct.

Impressive Qualities of Caspian Tiger:

The Caspian Tiger’s huge legs were the thing that stood out the most. They were much longer than the legs of other big cats, which added to their huge size and made them very impressive-looking animals.
As you might expect, he had big paws, but his ears were small and short. Even though it had stripes like a tiger, it was a very different colour than other tigers.
The Caspian tiger had gorgeous golden-yellow fur with brown stripes that were sometimes dark and sometimes light. They had white stripes on its belly and chest that were a dark yellow. These big cats also had the thickest fur of any tiger, which got even thicker in the winter to protect it from the cold. It was a dangerous predator that ate wild boars and other animals.
Some Caspian tigers were about the same size as Siberian or Bengal tigers.

By Clicking this link you can read more informative and amazing articles about big cats and other extinct species.

Extinction of Caspian Tiger:

People thought that the last Caspian tiger had died out in 2003. We killed off the Caspian Tiger, which was a very important part of human history.
Caspian tigers lived in southern Siberia, eastern Turkey, South Caucasus, northern Iran, Central Asia, Libya and Syria, and the forests in the north of China when they were alive.
At the beginning of the 20th century, people moved into places where Caspian tigers used to live, such as river basins, lakeshores, and seashores.
People hunted red deer and roe deer, which meant the Caspian tigers had less food because they had to compete with people for food. For a short time, the Caspian tiger could eat wild boar. It ate dogs and cows in the winter, which made it a threat to people again.

Tiger hunting:

The Caspian tiger was an enemy that was hard to beat. It was only a little bit smaller than the Siberian Tiger, which was the biggest Tiger in the world. Its paw looks like a plate, which is different from a cat’s. Tiger hunting was a popular sport for all of these reasons.
It’s a lot of fun, too. If poachers sold tigers by kilogramme, they could set a price per kilogramme. Poaching was such a big business that people even bought and sold tiger cubs. There is also an extra fee of about $20,000 for processing the skin and a delivery fee.
You can also make rice wine from the bones, which is good for your health. A healing paste can also be made from them.
Two other big cats that went extinct in 1960 were the Bali Tiger and the Javan Tiger.

DNA tests and the Caspian tiger:

Based on DNA analyses, scientists reduced the number of tigers subspecies from seven to five in 2004.

The same tests, according to scientists, may demonstrate that it is possible to resurrect the Caspian tiger.

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) member and chair of conservation genetics at the Wildlife Institute of India, Carl Driscoll, claims that the Siberian and Caspian tigers’ DNA is too close for them to be two distinct species.

Siberian tigers were big because they caught a lot of food.

Initial attempts to bring back the Caspian tigers into the wild:

In March 2009 and March 2010, Iran tried to get Caspian tigers back into the wild.

Two Siberian tigers were given up by Russia (one male and one female). Iran gave Russia two leopards in return.

In the end, the plan didn’t work. An adult male tiger died of glanders.

Both the male and female Tigers spent five years locked up. After many tests and talks, animal lovers and the Department of Environment (DOE) decided that the Tiger could go to the Tehran Zoo.

Reintroducing Caspian tigers into the wild:

Kaveh Feizollahi is a zoologist and an expert on tigers. He says that tigers can be put back into the wild.

A tiger can live in many different climates and settings. They have a high rate of reproduction, so they can have a lot of children. They can change how they hunt depending on where and what kind of food they find.

The DOE did a feasibility study in December 2010 to find out if the Caspian tiger could be put back into the wild. A summary of this study was given at the International Tiger Conservation Forum in Saint Petersburg.

According to the study:

For populations to flourish, sufficient food, bait, and clean water are required. In addition, there must be an adequate amount of prey, such as feral pigs, Bukhara deer, and roe deer. For twenty tigers, roughly 10,000 huge animals may be required. This diet may take 15 to 20 years to attain the essential level for tiger health. The habitat must also provide a safe environment for the Caspian tiger to survive in the wild.

According to Igor Chestin, the director of WWF-Russia, and his staff, the Ili-Balkhash region is vast and underdeveloped, making it an ideal habitat for these tigers. The WWF and Kazakhstan announced in September 2017 that they would take the first step in reintroducing tigers to their native habitat. Christian stated that executing the strategy will require a substantial amount of effort. The 15th largest lake in the world, Lake Balkhash, was surrounded by dense forests and reed thickets where Caspian tigers thrived. The Bukhara and other species of deer consumed kulans, a sort of donkey, and wild boar.

However, their habitats were devastated and they were exterminated for decades. Before tigers may return, the animals they devour must return.

All tigers are endangered:

The International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s Red List of Threatened, Endangered, and Extinct Species currently has tigers listed as Endangered (IUCN). Also, both the Malayan tiger and the Sumatran tiger are in a very bad situation.

Around the world, about 3,900 tigers live in the wild. Southeast Asia’s wild tiger population is in trouble, and the number of tigers there is going down. However, the number of people living in Bhutan, China, India, Nepal, and Russia is either staying the same or increasing.

Why is The Caspian Tiger still classified as Endangered?

 There has been no Caspian tiger in its range since the early 1970s due to hunting and habitat loss.

Here are a few steps that are threatening:

The illegal tiger trade:

There are 8,000 pet tigers in Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, China, the United Kingdom, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, and Hong Kong. This is more than double the number of wild animals. Tigers can be found in both public and private zoos, as well as family back rooms, conservation centres, and entertainment exhibits. However, many of them are fronts for illicit tiger trafficking.

A tiger that is already dead is worth more than one that is still alive. For example, a pair of eyes costs about $170 on average. A pound of tiger bone paste costs between $64 and $168 in the United States. One paw can be sold for $1,000, and a case of tiger wine can be worth $30,000. WWF believes that breeding tigers in captivity undermine its efforts to protect and restore tigers in the wild. 

The nature of tigers in the wild:

The Tiger is an animal that lives alone, except when a mother is with her young. In the wild, each Tiger needs a significant area of its own to live. How big a tiger’s home range is will depend on how much food there is in an area.

Tigers mark their territory by leaving behind poop, making rake-like marks on trees (horizontal scratches), scraping (vertical scratches), and making noise.

Why is the Caspian tiger’s conservation important?

Tigers are a very important part of the natural world. Because it mostly eats animals that eat plants, the Caspian tiger is important to the health of forests. Its death has changed the way the forest works.

Forests were destroyed because they were not there. It spent most of its life ruling over groups of animals, but it couldn’t deal with people.

Most of the time, Caspian tigers lived near places where they could get water. This kept the water supply safe.

Caspian tigers made sure that the ecosystem was in good shape.

Tigers in the wild are usually a sign of a healthy forest with many different kinds of plants and animals.


There are several subspecies of Panthera tigris, and the Caspian Tiger is one of them. Its native range includes western China, Central Asia up to northern Afghanistan, and the western parts of Turkey, Mesopotamia, and Tehran. Tigers play a significant role in the animal kingdom. Caspian tigers are vital to forest ecosystems because they consume primarily herbivores. Because of its demise, the forest’s ecosystem has shifted.

Forests were cleared for lack of materials. For most of its existence, it ruled over herds of animals, but it never got along with humans.