Oranda | Care Guide And Profile

Oranda | Care Guide And Profile

Oranda Goldfish are good-looking and exciting freshwater fish that bring beauty to any fish tank. With the mixture of their particular head and colors, it’s difficult to ignore them!

Their attractive appearance and charming personality have grabbed the hearts and minds of fish tank lovers worldwide. The unusual head growth, floating fins, and vibrant shades make them unique among the most popular types within the goldfish family.

This article will explore the oranda goldfish’s charming world and teach you how to care for them properly. So, keep reading this article to know all about Oranda in detail.


Oranda Goldfish are members of the flowery goldfish family, which do not appear naturally. Each member within this category has been selectively reproduced to show specific features. Tricolor oranda goldfish are a combination of red-orange, white, and black with a jelly-like bundle on their head known as a wen. 

Except for the substantial body figure of the Tricolor oranda, this distinctive feature gives them an exceptionally charming look! Oranda goldfish are easy to care for if proper care and environmental needs are provided. These highly friendly fish would do nicely if kept with other flowery goldfish. 

Oranda goldfish are marketed in different sizes, but buyers should be mindful that they can live for about 15 years and reach up to 8 inches, making them a long-term commitment.

What does an Oranda Goldfish look like? 

Oranda Goldfish’s body shape is round and egg-shaped. Their large and round scales are metallic or flat, depending on the type. The long and separated caudal fin, or posterior fin, makes a beautiful fan-like form. 

On average, Orandas grow around 6 to 7 inches in length, and females grow to be a little larger than males. 

Orandas are differentiated by the fleshy development on the lid of their heads, which is named a wen. The wen arises once the fish is about three to four months old, fully developing after almost one to two years and persisting to grow until the oranda is two and three years old.

The caudal fin is long and divided, making a beautiful flowing fan form when the fish dangles stationary in the water. In China, oranda fish are also known as “flowers of the water.” Oranda’s other fins are typically paired, giving the fish a beautiful, symmetrical appearance.

What color are Oranda Goldfish?

The most typical colouring for Oranda Goldfish is glowing orange and yellow. However, there are many noteworthy types available, too. Here are the most popular kinds of oranda fish.

Black Oranda Goldfish

The Black Oranda Goldfish is the most famous type of oranda fish. They have all the physical traits you would desire from an Oranda fish. But this variety is coated in dark black. This has fins, and the cap is a little lighter than the remainder of the body.

Blue Oranda Goldfish

Red Cap Oranda Goldfish

The most famous colour of the oranda is the Red Cap Oranda, which is almost completely white. However, the central head cap is glowing red. Normally, the cap is shorter than what you’d notice with other Orandas. It hardly covers the whole face. Rather, the cap is a lovely crown of red that extends against their purified white body.

Blue Oranda Goldfish

The Blue Oranda Goldfish is a famous and distinctive freshwater fish. It is a selectively produced type of the Oranda Goldfish, which is aboriginal to China.  

They have a round, heavy body with significant head growth, which is called a wen.

They can vary from pale bluish-grey to a rich and deep blue. Some samples also have other shades. It’s ordinary to see blotches of white, orange, and black combined with blue.

Are Oranda Goldfish large fish?

The standard Oranda Goldfish size is almost 8 to 9 inches long when fully developed. While this isn’t huge, it is more significant than some aquarists.

How big does Oranda get?

Orandas are large fish, reaching 8 to 9 inches long at adulthood. However, the growth may be extended depending on the individual’s hereditary makeup and the environment in which it is kept.

The most extensive Oranda goldfish was Bruce. That was reproduced at the TungHoi Aquarium, where he reached 15 inches long!

How long do Oranda goldfish live?

With appropriate care and suitable living requirements, Oranda Goldfish have a possible lifespan of about 15 years. It’s not unusual to see these fish at 20 years of age if grown in a big pond.

The quality of maintenance heavily affects the lifespan of oranda goldfish. They will encounter disease and even early death in cramped areas and low water conditions. It would be best if you gave top-notch care to increase how long they live.

Are oranda suitable fish for beginners?

Although Oranda goldfish are famous, they can be harder to care for than other flowery varieties.

These fish are not recommended for newbies because they cannot endure pollution or garbage in their small folds, so keeping them underneath the right situations with abundant space and pure water is necessary. The Red Cap Oranda is a consistent, friendly fish that competes with other lowest feeders.

They are pretty soft, have a lower patience for poor water rates, and demand warmer water than other goldfish types. Furthermore, the fish’s wen can be inclined to damage and disease resulting from waste, fungi, and bacteria gathering amid tissue bends. For that reason, oranda is unfit for those who can’t provide them a suitable environment. 

Oranda goldfish diet

Oranda goldfish diet:

Oranda Goldfish aren’t picky eaters; they are meat lovers and can also eat almost anything. Although Oranda goldfish can be desirous and ingest whatever they can bring in their mouths, ranging from invertebrates to small fish in the tank.

They like wafer foods or shells and eat healthy salads or spinach. Avoid overfeeding your fish; feed younger fish two times a day and mature fish only once daily. 

Worms, plants, algae, larvae, brine shrimps, dry pellets, and insects are the most suitable diet for oranda goldfish.

Care guide for oranda:

Tank Size

They might not be fast swimmers like other goldfish bred, but these Goldfish even need vast space. 

Fancy goldfish can extend up to 12 inches long, which indicates that they will require a 50-gallon tank. But If you want to hold more than one goldfish, you’ll require an even bigger tank, as they are regional fish that need a quantity of area to swim.

Instead, we suggest beginning with a tank proportions of 30 gallons to guarantee that your Oranda fish is healthy and satisfied. The additional space will go an extended way in enhancing their quality of life.

In a small tank, the goldfish will require more room to float and explore. This can cause boredom and health issues. Goldfish are very dynamic fish and require a lot of area to stay fit.

Water Parameters

Goldfish do not occur naturally. Unlike equatorial freshwater fish, there’s no wild mate to resemble when preparing for water parameters.

Orandas prefer more peaceful waters with a neutral pH. It’s worth telling out that these goldfish can bear slight changes, so you don’t need to be accurate.

Nevertheless, you must stay within the proper ranges. Orandas are more susceptible to temperature than standard goldfish, so buy an exact thermometer and observe the water daily.

Follow these parameters, and your fish will have no trouble thriving:

  • Water temperature: 65°F-72°F
  • Water hardness: 4-20 dGH
  • pH levels: 5.0-8.0 


Oranda Goldfish can be messy and make a lot of waste, so you need a proper filtration system. A well-organized filter will clear all toxins from the tank and preserve the water’s hygiene. 

However, your fish can feel stressed by solid water activity, so keep this in a sense when buying a filter. A flexible flow opening will assist with this, or you can turn the flow through the plants out from the swimming room. Due to their dirty nature, filtration is the most essential water parameter of fish care.

A good-quality aquarium void should be utilized each week to thoroughly clean the rock and suck up decaying plant matter, uneaten meals, and solid pieces of debris that, if left, would split down and contaminate the tank environment.

Tank mates

These fish love to live with other Oranda Goldfish or fancy Goldfish types

These fish love to live with other Oranda Goldfish or fancy Goldfish types. If you have diverse species, they should be capable of living in the same situations and at identical water temperatures. 

Other fancy types of Cyprinid fish, like Catfish or Pearlscale Goldfish, are freshwater fish that can be suitable tankmates for the Goldfish. These tankmates will even keep the tank neat and scrub up after the oranda fish, which is a little muddy. 

Conflicting tank mates can be confusing. If you like to present tank mates, it is essential to ensure sufficient space. The suitable tank mates for goldfish include:

Common Plecos: Common Plecos can be friendly with these goldfish because they are naturally friendly and are bottom-dwelling fish.

Other Goldfish types: Other peaceful and similar-sized goldfish varieties, including Ryukins, Black Moors, or Fantails, can be more joyful and more friendly with goldfish.

White Cloud Mountain Minnows: These are small and delicate fish. They are energetic swimmers and can inhabit the upper zones of the aquarium.

Shrimp: Some fish tank shrimp, like Cherry shrimp or Cherry shrimp, can be comfortable with this goldfish. But remember that Orandas tend to ingest little invertebrates, so there is a threat that the shrimp could be caught as food.

Snails: Specific species of snails, like Nerite snails and Mystery Snails, can be suitable tank mates for Oranda goldfish. They are calm, slow-moving, and can aid with algae management in the tank.


In conclusion, keeping an oranda goldfish can be an excellent choice. They are large but calm creatures that enjoy spending time with the same tank mates. However, they need much care and proper tank setup, so make sure to provide them with a suitable environment. Overall, Oranda goldfish are a stunning and exciting species.