What Eats Butterflies| Butterfly Predators

What Eats Butterflies is an interesting topic to read about. Butterflies are gorgeous and fragile insects that fly with large, scaly wings. Notably, butterflies have three distinct body parts (head, thorax, and abdomen), a pair of antennae, six legs, blended eyes, and an exoskeleton. They have tiny sensory hairs all over their body, and their thorax holds the muscles that allow their legs and wings to move.

The butterfly is considered one of the most beautiful species on earth. Despite starting as a caterpillar, it transforms into a stunning butterfly with vibrant and colorful wings. The butterfly is capable of flight, but due to its diminutive stature, it often falls prey to other animals. Despite having some chemical defense, the animals below often chase after the butterfly. 

To learn more about  what eats butterflies, keep reading this article. You can also read about Porcupines.

There are top 6 predators of butterflies.

Birds: What Eats Butterflies

Birds: What Eats Butterflies

There are approximately 10,000 bird species that exist all over the world. It’s unsurprising that butterflies have difficulty shedding their enormous numbers. The bird is famous for its remarkable flying abilities, among other things. It is believed to be the only surviving dinosaur on the planet. Its heart has four chambers, and its skeletal structure is lightweight.

Birds have several methods to catch their butterfly prey. It can swiftly snatch the insect from the floor if it decides to scavenge. Birds often use tree branches to catch butterflies by surprise, and they may even pounce on them from above.


The snake is the biggest threat and the most frightening predator for butterflies. The suborder Serpentes comprises carnivorous snakes that are long and without limbs. Due to its small size, the butterfly can often not protect itself from a smaller snake that can swallow it in one go. It is a unique trait that snakes become inactive during the digestion procedure. The serpent can regurgitate its recently consumed butterfly if its digestion process is interrupted, as it requires a significant amount of energy.

Snakes are capable of preying on a wide range of creatures. When fully grown, the Adder can consume large animals such as amphibians, mice, reptiles, and slow worms. Young adders mainly consume beetles, wasps, worms, and caterpillars that feed on grass. While these snake species may have a terrifying appearance, they typically do not attack humans unless initiated by stepping on or being picked up.

Adders usually inhabit sunny and sheltered environments like riverbanks, wooded areas, dunes, wetlands, and grasslands. Adders are the most active hunters during daylight hours. When adding smell to their prey, their forked tongues blink out. The venom of snakes contains a cardiac depressant that is fatal to its prey, allowing the snake to consume its meal rapidly.

Dragonfly: What Eats Butterflies

Dragonflies are strong predators that consume other flying insects when they are flying. Even though they are most well-known for their ability to capture insects, they can also kill many other pests. They tend to hunt monarch butterflies frequently. One dragonfly may destroy a whole monarch because they are enormous. They are easy to catch because of their irregular and slow movements. 

In addition, they often wait to rest on plants, permitting the dragonfly to close them quietly when they are not paying heed.

During mid-summer, if you spot a monarch butterfly perched on a milkweed plant, there’s a high probability that a dragonfly will be closely observing it. Dragonflies are also a common predator of butterflies. It has a reputation for having wings, just like the latter. Unlike the butterfly, the dragonfly’s hindwing is more prominent than its forewing.

The dragonfly can fly better than the butterfly because of its wider wingspan. This creature has a 95% success rate when hunting insects, as the insects are often unaware of its presence. Dragonflies usually begin consuming their prey by biting off their head. The bug is knocked out of its mind and is dragged back to its nest by its legs. After eating the butterfly’s head, the dragonfly tears off the butterfly’s wings.

Dragonfly: What Eats Butterflies


Ants may find caterpillars tempting due to their multiple legs, bright colors, and bulging eyes. The toxic substances in monarch caterpillars protect them from predators, which is good for them (but bad for hungry ants). If consumed quickly, a single bug larva can induce vomiting in ants due to its repulsive nature.

Not all caterpillars are as lucky. Ants easily prey on certain species that do not have toxic compounds. The larval stage of the black swallowtail butterfly often falls victim to ant predation, causing unfortunate outcomes. Although it may be small, the ant is known to be a determined predator for catching butterflies. The ant is a commonly cited example of biological pest control, even though it may unintentionally harm various butterfly species.

The Grizzled Skipper Butterfly is its preferred food, creating vibrations when it opens its wings. The ants quickly detect these movements. This enables them to consume more giant insects, such as butterflies. Ants usually attack caterpillars as they are easier to catch and less mobile than fleeing butterflies. The newer version of the caterpillar, just like its predecessor, emits vibrations that make trapping its prey easier.


Frog Eats Butterflies

The frog is a predator of butterflies and other insects. It enjoys consuming them as a carnivore. Most frogs have long, sticky tongues that can roll up. Their anatomical structure allows them to trap their prey.

Although they are skilled hunters, their lack of sight requires them to perform calculations before moving to ensure a successful kill. Despite this, some unfortunate frogs do not have tongues at birth. To capture the insect, they have to use their scaly fingers.

Aquatic frogs possess webbed feet, which aid them in swimming. Land animals have tiny legs that make it easier for them to climb and walk quickly. Unlike other frogs, tree frogs have rounded toe pads that enable them to cling onto most tree branches. It is a universal truth that no species of frog can chew. When a frog manages to catch a butterfly, the butterfly becomes trapped and cannot escape until the frog consumes it entirely.

Mice: What Eats Butterflies

Black-eared mice, as well as rats, are known to prey on and eat monarch butterflies. Typically, nocturnal animals are most active at night, so that’s when they usually do their activities. Mice prey on and consume moths or butterflies found on the ground. These rodents differ from frogs and toads in that they can eat both live and dead butterflies. 

In areas where monarch butterflies are prevalent, there are four major species of mice. However, only the black-eared mice consume significant amounts of monarch butterflies. It is interesting to note that the Black-eared mouse can drink monarchs without being affected by their toxicity. Rats can leave behind scattered butterfly wings as they move. Rats can consume between 30 and 37 monarch butterflies per night!

Mice will consume butterflies until they have had their fill, at which time they will cease feeding. Like humans, mice will stop drinking butterflies once they feel full and resume eating when hungry.


To conclude, the beautiful butterfly often becomes a target for many animals. Several animal species enjoy eating butterflies as they find them delicious, easy to catch, and a great source of nutrition.

This resource nourishes various creatures, from the fearsome snake to the birds. Moreover, it can serve as a food source for tiny bugs such as ants, wasps, and flies.